Vata, Pitta kapha are three different ‘doshas’ or energy pathways which work in synergy to carry out the functions of the human body. Let’s start with the role of Vata Dosha.
Vata relates to processes for movement and motion. When Vata is disturbed there can be diseases of difficulty in physical movement and even mental disorders. Large Intestines are the special house for Vata .
Pitta relates to processes of metabolism or catabolism. One of the functions of liver is to maintain temperature of body. In Ayurveda, this is considered as one of the prime effects of food intake. Temperature is a key factor in many diseases, not just fever. Eyes and skin are special house of Pitta.
Kapha relates to processes of structure and integrity of tissues or anabolism. This represents water and earth in the body. Kapha originates from left side of body and controlled by the heart and the arteries. Too much rise in Kapha will block arteries. It maintains integrity and structure of body tissues. Tongue, nose and throat are the special house for kapha.